The Alpha-Synuclein RT-QuIC Products Generated by the Olfactory Mucosa of Patients with Parkinson's Disease and Multiple System Atrophy Induce Inflammatory Responses in SH-SY5Y Cells




28 December, 2021


De Luca CMG, Consonni A, Cazzaniga FA, Bistaffa E, Bufano G, Quitarrini G, Celauro L, Legname G, Eleopra R, Baggi F, Giaccone G, Moda F.

Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA) are caused by two distinct strains of disease-associated α-synuclein (αSynD). Recently, we have shown that olfactory mucosa (OM) samples of patients with PD and MSA can seed the aggregation of recombinant α-synuclein by means of Real-Time Quaking-Induced Conversion (αSyn_RT-QuIC). Remarkably, the biochemical and morphological properties of the final α-synuclein aggregates significantly differed between PD and MSA seeded samples. Here, these aggregates were given to neuron-like differentiated SH-SY5Y cells and distinct inflammatory responses were observed. To deepen whether the morphological features of α-synuclein aggregates were responsible for this variable SH-SY5Y inflammatory response, we generated three biochemically and morphologically distinct α-synuclein aggregates starting from recombinant α-synuclein that were used to seed αSyn_RT-QuIC reaction; the final reaction products were used to stimulate SH-SY5Y cells. Our study showed that, in contrast to OM samples of PD and MSA patients, the artificial aggregates did not transfer their distinctive features to the αSyn_RT-QuIC products and the latter induced analogous inflammatory responses in cells. Thus, the natural composition of the αSynD strains but also other specific factors in OM tissue can substantially modulate the biochemical, morphological and inflammatory features of the αSyn_RT-QuIC products.